Month: August 2019

  • Study suggests global warming may be a boon to Mediterranean Basin olive

    first_img More information: Fine-scale ecological and economic assessment of climate change on olive in the Mediterranean Basin reveals winners and losers, Luigi Ponti, PNAS, DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1314437111AbstractThe Mediterranean Basin is a climate and biodiversity hot spot, and climate change threatens agro-ecosystems such as olive, an ancient drought-tolerant crop of considerable ecological and socioeconomic importance. Climate change will impact the interactions of olive and the obligate olive fruit fly (Bactrocera oleae), and alter the economics of olive culture across the Basin. We estimate the effects of climate change on the dynamics and interaction of olive and the fly using physiologically based demographic models in a geographic information system context as driven by daily climate change scenario weather. A regional climate model that includes fine-scale representation of the effects of topography and the influence of the Mediterranean Sea on regional climate was used to scale the global climate data. The system model for olive/olive fly was used as the production function in our economic analysis, replacing the commonly used production-damage control function. Climate warming will affect olive yield and fly infestation levels across the Basin, resulting in economic winners and losers at the local and regional scales. At the local scale, profitability of small olive farms in many marginal areas of Europe and elsewhere in the Basin will decrease, leading to increased abandonment. These marginal farms are critical to conserving soil, maintaining biodiversity, and reducing fire risk in these areas. Our fine-scale bioeconomic approach provides a realistic prototype for assessing climate change impacts in other Mediterranean agro-ecosystems facing extant and new invasive pests. Explore further Citation: Study suggests global warming may be a boon to Mediterranean Basin olive growers (2014, March 25) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2014-03-global-boon-mediterranean-basin-olive.html Journal information: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences © 2014 Phys.org A model predicts which regions of the Mediterranean Basin may expect increased (yellow to red color range) or decreased (blue colors) profits (in euros per hectare) from olive crops after a 1.8°C increase in average temperatures. Credit: Luigi Ponticenter_img Jerusalem olive trees linked to Christ’s time, experts claim (Phys.org) —A team of researchers in Italy has built a model that they’ve used to predict the impact of global warming on the olive business in the Mediterranean Basin. In their paper published in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, the team describes how they added the ability to factor in both weather changes and pest persistence in modeling a change of 1.8°C warming, to reflect forecasts of temperature increases in the region between 2030 and 2060. This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Most predictions of the consequences of global warming have been dire—more flooding, draughts and the spread of disease. In contrast, an increase in temperature in a part of the planet responsible for producing 97 percent of the world’s olive oil appears to portend an increase in production and profits—at least for growers in most of the region.Historical evidence allows for predicting how well olive trees will grow under different weather conditions and of course, how productive those trees will be. To build their model, the researchers took account of factors such as average temperature, heat, humidity levels, etc. That’s where most models stop, but in the Mediterranean Basin, that’s not the end of the story, because olive production is also heavily impacted by the olive fruit fly which destroys olives. Prior studies have revealed which environments the flies prefer or not—the researchers added such information to their model as well. After crunching the data, the computer displayed a map of the entire area color-coded to clearly show what sort of impact global warming should have on olive production in various parts of the region over the next half century.Olive trees can withstand draught and high temperatures, but the olive fruit fly cannot. That’s why the map the model spit out shows increased tree growth and production in Southern Spain, Northern Africa and parts of Italy and Greece—but it also explains why some areas, such as the Middle East might see less production, because temperatures up till now have been too chilly for the olive fruit fly to survive. Overall, the model projects the region will see an average 4.1 percent increase in crop yield along with a drop of 8 percent in olive fruit fly infestations. This will translate to an increase in profits of 9.1 percent, a very different scenario than what is expected to occur in many other parts of the world.last_img read more

  • Study shows rhesus monkeys able to add numbers together for a reward

    first_img(Phys.org) —A team of researchers working at Harvard Medical School has found that it is possible to teach rhesus monkeys to perform simple addition. In their paper published in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, the group describes studies they undertook to teach lab monkeys to add symbols together in order to receive a reward, the results of which have shown that other primates besides humans are capable of performing simple math. Citation: Study shows rhesus monkeys able to add numbers together for a reward (2014, April 22) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2014-04-rhesus-monkeys-reward.html Study shows capuchins less receptive to others who refuse to help when asked A rhesus macaque monkey is about to touch the symbol 8, worth eight drops of reward, rather than 4, worth four drops of reward. Credit: Margaret S. Livingstone The researchers noted that that the monkeys did less well when the values of two symbols were closer together, suggesting that at least part of their math skills were based on making estimates—a finding that could prove useful to researchers looking to understand how it is we humans are able to make mathematical calculations. Explore further © 2014 Phys.orgcenter_img Scientists know that many animals are capable of making numerical estimates—they can tell if they are being invaded by a few predators or many, for example. They also know that some primates have shown a rudimentary ability to add numbers together—to understand that multiple symbols that hold value hold more when combined, for example. In this new effort, the researchers have found that at least one primate—rhesus monkeys—can actually add values together to form a result which can be used for comparison with another value.To learn about the monkey’s math abilities, the researchers taught several of them to memorize values associated with the digits 0-9, along with 16 letters, and then to assign value to each of them (by giving them a treat if the picked the one with higher value). Then, to find out if they could add, the researchers presented two previously associated characters alongside another single one. To receive a treat a monkey had to add the value of the two symbols then compare the result against the value of the single character and then choose which had the greatest value. The researchers report that the monkeys were able to choose correctly approximately 90 percent of the time.Of course, the team realized the monkeys may have simply memorized the value of all possible pairings, instead of actually adding, so they introduced a whole new set of characters. Once the monkeys had been trained to associate values with them, they immediately, on their own, applied the math skills they had learned on the first experiment, proving that they were in fact adding the values together to reach a sum, which had a value all its own. More information: Symbol addition by monkeys provides evidence for normalized quantity coding, Margaret S. Livingstone, PNAS, 2014. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1404208111AbstractWeber’s law can be explained either by a compressive scaling of sensory response with stimulus magnitude or by a proportional scaling of response variability. These two mechanisms can be distinguished by asking how quantities are added or subtracted. We trained Rhesus monkeys to associate 26 distinct symbols with 0–25 drops of reward, and then tested how they combine, or add, symbolically represented reward magnitude. We found that they could combine symbolically represented magnitudes, and they transferred this ability to a novel symbol set, indicating that they were performing a calculation, not just memorizing the value of each combination. The way they combined pairs of symbols indicated neither a linear nor a compressed scale, but rather a dynamically shifting, relative scaling. A rhesus macaque monkey chooses between two letters that represent different sized rewards. Credit: Margaret S. Livingstone Journal information: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.last_img read more

  • Bringing backstage to the fore

    first_imgEntering its 19th year, the Chaman Lal Memorial Award, constituted to recognize artists for  the stage lighting and design is a unique endeavour in the field of theatre. It turns the spotlight on the innumerable unsung heroes that smoothen the on stage presence of theatre artists without ever getting visibly acknowledged. The awards conferred by the SoTciety will be given out this year by Minister of Culture, Chandresh Kumari Katoch on 5 May at Siri Fort. Also Read – ‘Playing Jojo was emotionally exhausting’The awards that honored the likes of Alyque Padamsee, Bansi Kaul, M.S. Sathyu, Ebrahim Alkazi, Sushma Seth, Zohra Sehgal and many other prominent theatre personalities all over India, will continue the tradition in the 19th edition. This time around,the highlights include Rudraprasad Sengupta from Kolkata for life-long Achievement to the theatre world, Ms Kriti V Sharma from Haryana for Excellence in Costume Designing and Sh. Dinesh Poddar from Kolkata for excellence in Stage Light Design.The award ceremony will be followed by a 40 minute multimedia presentation, Ek Shaam that will bring alive the magic of the stage for the audience. The concept and direction of the show is conceived by R.K. Dhingra.DETAILWhere: Siri AuditoriumWhen: 5 Maylast_img read more

  • Maybe your son finds solace in brothels

    first_imgMy ex husband is married and we are not in touch. I feel sad about the break up and miss him sometimes. I know he misses me too! What should I do?Neetu, New DelhiJust let go! Let go of the man who doesn’t belong to you anymore! You can always continue remaining good friends but don’t do anything drastic as he is now legally someone else’s husband. Emotions are difficult to control at times but we all have to act matured for a peaceful life. I know this will hurt but for a better tomorrow, you have to face this today! Also Read – ‘Playing Jojo was emotionally exhausting’We have found out that our only son visits brothels with his colleagues! This has completely shaken us up. How do we approach him and stop him?Mrs. Verma, HaryanaHow are you so sure about his whereabouts? Have you personally seen this? Firstly, I request you not to panic! If you are familiar with his friends, you can surely enquire in a friendly discussion and be alert. If the information is correct, as parents you’ll should try to have a heart-to-heart conversation with him. There must be a void that is leading him to do this. Understand that and in a peaceful way express your concerns. May be he will stop it the moment he realizes that his secret is out! Also Read – Leslie doing new comedy special with NetflixI have just realised that my wife is regularly keeping in touch with her ex-boyfriend. They have even met for coffee! I’m very hurt. Should I file for a divorce?Name withheldWhy are you even thinking of divorce? Did you confront your wife? You should be a friend and ask her to talk about it. She must be having her reasons and please, don’t suspect without a valid reason. Going out for coffee is no crime but hiding it from you is unfair! Take it easy. Talk it out and I’m sure this isn’t what you are reading it as. Trust your wife and have a transparent talk. Don’t fight! We are fixing our younger son’s marriage. This is arranged from the newspapers. We want to know the detailed info about this girl’s family from authentic sources. Could you suggest how we could go about with it?Singhvis, New DelhiThe most authentic way would be to engage a professional agency who in lieu of a fee will provide you with all relevant information of the family, its background and other relevant details of the prospective bride. Hire the agency and get the work done. But, the couple concerned should ideally spent quality time to analyze their compatibility; as that is something nobody else can find out. Just them. All the best!My baby girl is two months old. I’m not enjoying sex at all. I feel pain and feel very fatigued. My husband doesn’t seem to understand and insists on regular sex! How do I stop him? Help!Kavita, DehradunJust pack your bags and tell him that you want to stay with your parents for a few weeks as they want to enjoy this new phase of their life. As grandparents they want to have the honour of hosting the little one! This ideally should help you regain your comfort and once you are fresh, come back and have a great time.Have a love or life query you cannot find an answer to? Send your questions to – roopshashotm@gmail.comlast_img read more

  • Faith art beauty

    first_imgI should be the last one to say that don’t go by face, but it is not often that you meet people who exude charm, warmth as well as immense talent. All at the same time and to make things better – a pretty face. Meet Charuvi Agarwal. Artiste, animation film maker and for now Indian-mythology-renaissance-bringer.Remember the mythological serials you grew up with? The Ramayana and the Mahabharata on national television which was loud, garish, integral part of our formative years but such an eye-sore. And more often than not almost all of us have wished that our epic heroes should have been better dressed, better looking and worthy of Superman-Batman size posters on our bedroom walls. I am not talking faith here, am talking hero-worship. Our Rams and Lakshmans  were never cool enough. Also Read – ‘Playing Jojo was emotionally exhausting’But Agarwal is all set to change that game, one step at a time. Before we let that cat out of the bag, here’s a lowdown on the lady.Agarwal  is an India based artist and animation film maker. She is a graduate in Computer Animation from  Sheridan Institute of Technology and Advanced Learning, Canada  and a B.F.A. (painting) from College of Art, Delhi. Her career as a painter and a sculptor began at a very early age in which she won several awards of national stature and participated in many art shows with country’s leading art curators. Through her innovative ‘Claytronics’ (miniature clay sculptures of contemporary political figures) she has been featured in the Limca Book of Records (2007); after which she was honored at the ‘Incredible India@60’ Festival in New York by Coca-Cola as one of  ‘The emerging 10 who would transform the global artistic landscape’. Also Read – Leslie doing new comedy special with Netflix In 2007 her short film 10th Avatar was nominated and presented at SIGGRAPH 2008 Computer Animation Festival. The film went on being showcased in various international film festivals such as Internationale Kurzfilmtage Oberhausen, Taiwan International Children’s TV & Film Festival , 3rd Beijing International Animation Festival 2007, Santa Fe Film Festival , South Asian International Film Festival , One World Film Festival and many more. She also won Viewer’s Choice & Jury Award at Toronto Urban Film Festival for her other film Dundas n Bathrust. Agarwal has had work associations in animation film industry with pioneers like National Film Board of Canada where she worked on a short film on the legendary documentary filmmaker Alanis Obomsawin . Besides this she has worked on several independent projects and animated TV shows.CDL: Charuvi Design Labs which was founded in 2009 and comprises of a team of young talented and creative minds who work on big projects and have marked position in the world. CDL which was initially focused on animation alone, later indulged in other interests too like 3D conversion, making applications, and 3D art sculptures.The master mind behind CDL has been featured in various publications and earned prestigious film screenings at many festivals like Siggraph Computer Animation Festival (Vancouver, Los Angeles), Internationale Kuzfilmtage Oerhausen(Germany), Taiwan International Children’s TV & Film Festival , South Asian International Film Festival(New York), One World Film Festival(Ottawa), Montreal World Film Festival, Motreal (Canada), Anima Mundi International Animation Festival, Rio de Janeiro (Brazil), Edinburgh International Film festival, Edinburgh (UK),Indian Art Summit(Delhi ) and many more. Her paintings and miniature sculptures have garnered recognition and awards in high-profile exhibits from a very early age.She has been a part of many exhibitions which includes ‘Contemporary Women Artists of India’ All India Fine Arts & Craft Society, India held in 2004, Etching Prints, 77th Annual All India Art Exhibitions, India held in 2005, ‘I will survive’, International Committee of the Red Cross, Visual Arts Gallery, India Habitat Centre held in 2005, ‘Full Circle’ organized by Art Konsult, Lalit Kala Akademi, India held in 2006.  Her work was also featured in online Digital Liverpool Biennial in the year 2006.Agarwal has been facilitated with Rajiv Gandhi Award in the year 1997 followed by Biswanth Mukherjee Award in 2005. She was featured in Limca Book of Records (2007) for creating a new form of caricature called Claytronics miniature clay sculptures of contemporary political figures.Agarwal now is gearing up for her first exhibition in the Capital which, we assure, will be something you have never seen before. Watch this space for more.last_img read more

  • Reexamination should be held if needed Mamata

    first_imgKolkata: Expressing concern over the harassment faced by examinees while appearing for the national level medical entrance examination (NEET) in Bengali language, Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee wrote to the Union Human Resource Development minister Prakash Javadekar, demanding re-examination for the candidates who were adversely affected due to the “irregularities that took place in the National Eligibility cum Entrance Test (NEET) 2018.”Besides expressing her concern and suggesting re-examination for the candidates if needed, the Chief Minister also stated “a coordination mechanism at the institutional level should be established with the state government and Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE), for making proper arrangements for examinations in future”. Also Read – Heavy rain hits traffic, flightsIt may be mentioned that the NEET examination held on Sunday, in which 59,000 candidates appeared from the state, 3,000 wrote their answers in Bengali language.In her letter to the Union minister of Human Resource Development Prakash Javadekar, Banerjee has stated: “…It has been reported that in many examination centres, the students were not provided with Bengali question papers in time, many were provided with photocopies of question papers which bore the same candidate code for multiple students and in many cases, the photocopies of question papers were illegible. It has also been reported that many students were forced to write answers using English or Hindi question papers.” Also Read – Speeding Jaguar crashes into Merc, 2 B’deshi bystanders killedShe maintained in the letter: “For example, at the examination centre located at Cossipore Central School in Kolkata, 600 candidates appeared for the examination but only 520 question papers in Bengali medium were supplied. Similar was the case in Techno India School at Konnagar in Hooghly district.”It may be recalled that in 2017, the state Education minister Partha Chatterjee had raised his voice, stating that the standard of Bengali question paper of NEET was much more difficult than the English one.Banerjee in her letter on Monday also mentioned the issue of 2017 and mentioned that: “It appears that the examination conducting authorities have not been careful enough to ensure that the examination is held meticulously and the careers of prospective candidates are not jeopardised.””I strongly urge you to take immediate action against the persons responsible for such irregularities and also take suitable measures to ensure that the candidates are not adversely affected due to non-availability of appropriate question papers. If needed, a re-examination should be scheduled to give a fair opportunity to all such candidates,” she maintained in the letter.last_img read more

  • East Bengal chief Subhas Bhowmick faces 3year prison term

    first_imgKolkata: Subhas Bhowmick, technical director of East Bengal football club, was sentenced to three years imprisonment in connection with a bribery case of December 2005, by the Special Court of the Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) in Alipore on Monday.The former coach of East Bengal was, however, granted bail against a payment of Rs 1 lakh, owing to his illness, soon after the quantum of punishment was announced. Bhowmick may appeal to a higher forum, challenging the verdict of the Alipore court by September 18. Also Read – Heavy rain hits traffic, flightsThe anti-corruption branch of CBI had arrested Bhowmick in December 2005 near the front gate of the South Club in Kolkata, while accepting a bribe of Rs 1.5 lakh from a businessman to settle his excise duty related cases. Ghosh was a senior Central Excise official, when the arrest was made. This case has been underway in court for almost 13 years and the verdict was finally passed on Monday. The CBI sleuths claimed that Bhowmick had demanded a sum of Rs 4 lakh as bribe from a company, which was finally settled at Rs 1.5 lakh. He had also tried to run away from the scene by attacking some CBI personnel, which had resulted in injury to a senior ranking officer of the central investigating agency. Popularly known as Bhombol in the football arena of the state, the former football player had to remain in jail custody for some time soon after his arrest and was then granted bail. Also Read – Speeding Jaguar crashes into Merc, 2 B’deshi bystanders killedBhowmick had played for both East Bengal and Mohun Bagan and was known as a powerful forward with good goal scoring abilities. He had represented India in various tournaments. He was a member of the Indian football team that had won the bronze medal in the Asian Games in 1970. He has been very successful as a coach for East Bengal. He had a forgettable first stint with the club during the 1999-2000 season. However, during his second stint as coach, the club won a multitude of trophies, including back to back National Football League titles in 2002-03 and 2003–04, apart from Kolkata Football League, Durand Cup and IFA Shield victories.East Bengal also won the LG ASEAN Club Cup in 2003 under his managership. Bhowmick stepped down as coach of East Bengal in 2005, after being implicated in the bribery scandal.He coached Mohammedan Sporting Club during the 2006 season, but was not as successful there as he was during his stint with EB.last_img read more

  • Young and overweight Have highprotein breakfast

    first_imgHaving a high-protein breakfast including milk, eggs, meat and yogurt daily can reduce unhealthy weight gain among overweight teenagers, says a new study.The researchers compared the benefits of consuming a normal-protein breakfast to a high-protein breakfast in overweight teenagers who would normally skip breakfast.“This study examined if the type of breakfast consumed can improve weight management in young  Also Read – ‘Playing Jojo was emotionally exhausting’people who habitually skip breakfast,” said lead author of the study Heather Leidy, assistant professor at University of Missouri in the US.High-protein breakfast which contained 35 grams of protein — prevented gains of body fat, reduced daily food intake and feelings of hunger, and stabilised glucose levels, the findings showed. For the study, the researchers fed two groups of overweight teenagers who reported skipping breakfast between five and seven times a week either normal-protein breakfast meals or high-protein breakfast meals.  Also Read – Leslie doing new comedy special with NetflixA third group of teenagers continued to skip breakfast for 12 weeks.The normal-protein breakfast meal was milk and cereal and contained 13 grams of protein. The high-protein breakfast meals contained 35 grams of protein.“The group of teenagers who ate high-protein breakfasts reduced their daily food intake by 400 calories and lost body fat mass, while the groups who ate normal-protein breakfast or continued to skip breakfast gained additional body fat,” Leidy said.  “These results show that when individuals eat a high-protein breakfast, they voluntarily consume less food the rest of the day. In addition, teenagers who ate high-protein breakfast had more stable glucose levels than the other groups,” Leidy noted.Large fluctuations in glucose levels are associated with an increased risk of Type 2 diabetes among young people, which can make health complications associated with weight gain more intense.The findings appeared in the International Journal of Obesity.last_img read more

  • Promoting women entrepreneurs

    first_imgWith the tagline of Innovate, Transform and Power as its prime focus, Rokitt Inc. is the expert in digital products for consumers across various industries. It is a dynamic team that strives to make a difference for the people we serve every day. Visiting India to launch their start-up, the co-founders Rohit Mahajan and Oksana Sokolovsky talked to Millennium Post about how they look at various industries through the lens of progressive disruption and develop products for mass consumption and impact. Also Read – ‘Playing Jojo was emotionally exhausting’Rokitt Inc. will be launching various digital products which would promote various social causes. The Women Entrepreneurs International (WEI) would provide a networking and promotional platform for women entrepreneurs. The community was founded by like-minded entrepreneurs with a mission to use their industry knowledge and experience to deliver an impactful contribution towards women’s personal and entrepreneurial growth. WEI also plans to expand its training and mentorship opportunities to help educate women on business networking and referral marketing. It also focuses on tangible services to help women launch, run and expand their businesses as well as offer specific services such as building a business plan, securing funding, registering the company, legal and accounting activities, launching websites and promotion. WEI support includes educational tools, skills workshops, legal and accounting services, marketing and web development support. Also Read – Leslie doing new comedy special with NetflixRohit Mahajan, the co-founder said, “I am convinced that with real tangible support, women will be able to start and expand their businesses and become more independent and empowered. WEI has established key partnerships with vendors to scale up its services and deliver tangible results. Our goal is to equip women with the skills and resources that will allow them to become successful entrepreneurs in a global economy.”  WEI is a key drive by Rokitt Inc. to expand the women’s empowerment initiative globally, targeting to impact more than one million women over the next few years. There will also be a Center for Anti-Violence Education (CAE) which will develop and implement comprehensive violence prevention programs for individuals and organisations. Through a combination of education, physical empowerment, and leadership development, CAE will provide for the underserved communities throughout the New York metropolitan area with skills to break cycles of violence. With products like Local Advertising Platform, Travel, Machine learning, Natural language processing, Rokitt Inc. has a wide amount of industries and technologies under its wing.last_img read more

  • Mother should not discuss weight issue with daughters

    first_imgIf you want your daughter to shed a few pounds, better abstain from saying it in so many words and if you have to, do bring in your own weight concerns to the discussion, suggests new research.While discussing issues of diet and weight with their daughters, mothers would do better to raise their own weight-related problems, the study said.Aiming to figure out how mothers should discuss weight issue with their daughters, the study focused on a representative group of sixth- to eighth-grade girls and their mothers. Also Read – ‘Playing Jojo was emotionally exhausting’“Generally, we found that for the daughters who were being encouraged to lose weight by their mothers, outcomes were worse if their mothers were not also discussing their own weight concerns,” said one of the researchers Erin Hillard from University of Notre Dame in Indiana, US.“The daughters who were being encouraged to lose weight but whose moms were not also discussing their own weight concerns were more at risk for development of disordered eating, based on the higher scores on measures of dieting behaviour and drive for thinness they reported in eighth grade,” Hillard noted. Also Read – Leslie doing new comedy special with NetflixHillard acknowledged that the study findings as a whole suggested more about what mothers should not be talking about than what they should.“After all,” she said, “the best outcomes were found for daughters whose mothers were not engaging in either type of conversation.” “They do shed light on the complexity of the issue of talking to children about their weight in ways that don’t lead to poor health outcomes in the long run,” Hillard noted.The study was published in the journal Body Image.last_img read more