Tag: 爱上海

  • Persil runs online auction for Comic Relief

    first_img Howard Lake | 5 July 2001 | News Persil is sponsoring online auctions for Comic Relief. The Unilever brand has teamed up with Freeserve’s FSAuctions to run an auction of celebrity-designed pants from 7 to 17 March.Persil is sponsoring online auctions for Comic Relief. The Unilever brand has teamed up with Freeserve’s FSAuctions to run an auction of celebrity-designed pants from 7 to 17 March. The auction will be promoted by a Persil-sponsored e-mail campaign to 50,000 people. Advertisement AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThis Persil runs online auction for Comic Relief  15 total views,  1 views today AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThis About Howard Lake Howard Lake is a digital fundraising entrepreneur. Publisher of UK Fundraising, the world’s first web resource for professional fundraisers, since 1994. Trainer and consultant in digital fundraising. Founder of Fundraising Camp and co-founder of GoodJobs.org.uk. Researching massive growth in giving.last_img read more

  • Young lawyers look to make PWP affordable

    first_img Young lawyers look to make PWP affordable Grants will assist low wage lawyers Melinda Melendez Assistant Editor How to make the mandatory Practicing With Professionalism program affordable to all attorneys was the topic of the Young Lawyers Division Board of Governors meeting May 19. The board agreed to set up a grant program that would help attorneys who are in need of financial assistance to defray the $135 cost of attendance.“The big goal is making this affordable for everyone,” said YLD board member Carlos Kelly.The Supreme Court recently amended Bar rules to require all new members of The Florida Bar to participate in a one-day training course designed to establish a basic level of professionalism among all attorneys — including government lawyers. Previously, lawyers in government service were granted a deferral from participation in the program.In June of last year, the YLD Board of Governors Committee on PWP Fee Reduction explored options to make PWP more affordable for all attorneys. While government attorneys do tend to earn less on average, the committee found that many state, local, and city governments will cover the costs of PWP and CLE for their attorneys. The committee recommended that instead of classifying private or public, the board should issue grants based on financial determinants. Attorneys who are making less then $35,000 annually would be eligible for the hardship grant.In light of the recent amendment to Bar rules making PWP a requirement for all new members, the board discussed the implementation of the scholarship program. The board adopted a motion to allocate approximately $9,000 in scholarships in order to defray the cost of attendance. The scholarships will be $75 each, with 10 grants issued for each of the 12 annual seminars. Applicants for the scholarship would be required to sign an affidavit stating the recipient of the grant makes less than $35,000 annually.Because the grant program would be an internal reallocation of YLD funds, establishing the program does not require approval from the senior Board of Governors. After an evaluation period, the YLD board would have the option of asking the senior board to consider making the grant program permanent.In its opinion, the Supreme Court stated that they applauded the Bar’s effort to make PWP affordable to government lawyers and others in financial need through the establishment of a grant program. The opinion, however, went on to encourage the continued exploration of other options that would make PWP more affordable.The board agreed to implement the grant program as originally outlined a year ago. It also referred the matter to a committee that would be in charge of exploring other options in addition to the grant program, including cutting the overall cost of PWP. July 1, 2005 Assistant Editor Regular News Young lawyers look to make PWP affordablelast_img read more

  • Clattenburg reveals what’s like refereeing Ronaldo, Messi, Suarez

    first_img The English official has come across some of the game’s biggest names while taking charge of matches in the Premier League and Champions League. Cristiano Ronaldo “The one thing I admired above all else was his ability to raise his game when the team were down,” Clattenburg told The Daily Mail. “I refereed him as a young player in the Premier League, then at Real Madrid and he always delivered. You just knew you were sharing the pitch with a truly unique player who could change the game in an instant. “And I got on very well with him. When I went up the stairs to get my medal after the Euro 2016 final, he tried to grab me and give me a hug – that was the level of respect we had. “I was disappointed when he got injured early in the final because the game lost a great player. “But I never treated him differently from any other player and I think that’s why we had a good relationship. “After one game, a shirt came into my dressing room signed: ‘To Mark, best wishes, Cristiano Ronaldo’. I hadn’t even asked for it. It was such a nice gesture. “I don’t think I ever booked him – maybe that’s why I got the shirt! “The first time I refereed Real Madrid, I remember Iker Casillas got the ball from a corner and within three passes they had scored – I wasn’t even past the halfway line! But that is what great players like Ronaldo can do. He was so quick and clinical. “It’s little surprise Real Madrid aren’t the same team without him. “I was in charge when he stepped up for the decisive penalty in the Champions League final in 2016. “My only thought was: “When this is finished, I need to get the match ball!” But I knew where it would soon be – in the back of the net. “He hadn’t played that well and I could tell he wasn’t fully fit. But you just knew it would still be the Cristiano Ronaldo Show.” Lionel Messi “When I first refereed Messi, I was shell-shocked, genuinely,” Clattenburg said. “It was Barcelona against Paris Saint-Germain and, being so close, I remember thinking: ‘”Oh my God, this is unbelievable.”‘ “When you referee, you tend to watch the ball. With him, you could lose the ball, so imagine what it was like for defenders! “I had to change the way I analysed the situation when he was on the ball. He was so skilful that opponents would try to stop him in different ways, sometimes by fouling him on the foot, sometimes with their upper body. “I cautioned him in that first game against PSG for standing on an opponent’s foot, but he never complained or said anything. “He never engaged at all, in fact. That was just him. “But, as a referee, you looked forward to sharing a pitch with Messi because you knew the game could be special.” Loading… Promoted Content8 Weird Facts About Coffee That Will Surprise YouWho’s The Best Car Manufacturer Of All Time?9 Facts You Should Know Before Getting A Tattoo10 Most Praised Historical MoviesThis Guy Photoshopped Himself Into Celeb Pics And It’s Hysterical40 Child Actors Who Turned Into Gorgeous AdultsBirds Enjoy Living In A Gallery Space Created For ThemCouples Who Celebrated Their Union In A Unique, Unforgettable Way10 Body Features That Are Extremely Rare But Very RemarkableMacaulay Culkin’s Own Version Of The New ‘Home Alone’How Good The CGI Effects In Those Movies Were!20 Amazing Facts About The Daenerys Of The House Of Targaryen Mark Clattenburg has listed the five greatest players he’s refereed during his career. Luis Suarez “My first game with him was for Ajax and he scored four,” Clattenburg said “When I came home, I told my friends: “What a player, he’s unbelievable”. “He had that edge to him, a dirty side like Diego Costa, but he had such talent. “I was excited when Liverpool signed him because I knew what an amazing player the Premier League was getting. He played on the edge and you had to manage that. “He would always give you the verbals in Spanish. But I’d refereed all over the world and I knew the swear words, so I’d give him one or two back. That would give him a shock! “People talk about the laws of the game. Yes, OK, but refereeing, for me, is more about management of the game and the players. Read Also: Dybala undergoes Juventus medical tests “You have to try to help the product – the game – be the best it can be. You had to know how to handle players like Suarez. If you didn’t, it would cause you more problems down the line.” Clattenburg also namechecked Vincent Kompany and Gary Speed as the other great players he’s had the pleasure of working with. FacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmail分享 last_img read more

  • Van Persie set to join Fenerbahce

    first_imgRobin van Persie is set to complete his move to Fenerbahce after being afforded a hero’s welcome upon his arrival in Istanbul on Sunday night. Press Association “Maybe that was because he was up against me and Vida [Namanja Vidic] though!! On a serious note though, I think that was the general thought through the squad too. “As a player he is so silky to watch, great touch, can hold the ball up & bring others into play, timings of his runs, skills & a dream of a left foot….oh and he can finish!” Fenerbahce also signed Van Persie’s former United team-mate Nani on Monday for a reported £4.25million. If Van Persie is sold, United would have only Wayne Rooney, James Wilson and the injured Javier Hernandez – out with a broken collarbone – in their squad as recognised strikers following the exit of on-loan Falcao at the end of the season. Van Persie was met by cheering crowds at Istanbul’s main airport and the club later tweeted a series of photographs of the player wrapped in a club scarf. The Turkish giants announced on Thursday that they had entered into negotiations with United and the Dutch striker over a potential move and they appear confident that the deal is done. The club also posted a number of quotes from player, who said: “I cannot wait to meet the fans. I am coming to a fantastic and wonderful club. It is a great honour for me.” United have remained silent on the developments surrounding Van Persie’s apparent departure since boss Louis van Gaal implied on Friday that talk of the deal was premature. Asked whether he was looking for a another striker because Van Persie was leaving, Van Gaal said: “When you say that it is not all true. “When we feel we can say he is gone you shall hear it from Manchester United. We don’t have the feeling yet.” Van Persie scored 30 goals for United as they won the league in 2012-13 following his £24million move from Arsenal. His impact since then, however, has been muted due to a series of niggling injuries, and he was limited to 10 goals in 29 appearances under compatriot Van Gaal last season. Van Persie’s former United team-mate Rio Ferdinand paid tribute to the Dutchman on Sunday, insisting his arrival at Old Trafford took the team by surprise. In a post on Facebook, Ferdinand wrote: ” He was actually a better player than I thought he was when he arrived at Manchester United – I had played against him many times vs Arsenal, so I knew he was good but not this good. last_img read more

  • LVR cruises to Bomber Invitational Tournament Title

    first_imgThe team may be low in numbers but this team has a huge heart after the L.V. Rogers Bombers dominated the competition to capture the Bomber Senior Girl’s Basketball tournament this past weekend at the Hangar.The Bombers rocked Rutland Secondary of Kelowna 64-41 in the final of the eight-team tournament to claim the overall title. LVR opened the tournament by rocking Elkford 54-16 before destroying an uninspired Osoyoos team 64-11.Meanwhile, Rutland beat David Thompson of Invermere by 30 in game one before getting past J. Lloyd Crowe Hawks of Trail by 14 to reach the final.”Our girls played fantastic defence all weekend and stifled Rutland with our press and speed.,” said coach Chris Dergousoff.The Bombers were led by seniors Naomi Perkins, Ansleigh Dergousoff, Allie Zondervan and Sian Nielsen.Earlier this season, LVR took top honours at the J. Lloyd Crowe Hawks Tournament.last_img read more

  • MIND YOUR BISCUITS TAKES GRADE I, $300,000 MALIBU STAKES BY A HALF LENGTH UNDER ROSARIO; TRAINED BY FALCONE, JR., HE GETS SEVEN FURLONGS IN 1:20.81

    first_imgON-TRACK CROWD OF 46,514 COMES OUT FOR FOUR GRADED STAKES UNDER IDYLIC CONDITIONS ARCADIA, Calif. (Dec. 26, 2014)–Breaking from the inside in a field of nine sophomore sprinters, Mind Your Biscuits sat a close third under Joel Rosario a quarter mile from home and overhauled Sharp Azteca late to take Monday’s Grade I, $300,000 Malibu Stakes at Santa Anita by a half-length as he covered seven furlongs in 1:20.81. Third, beaten 1 ¼ lengths here in the Breeders’ Cup Sprint on Nov. 5, Mind Your Biscuits, who is trained by Robert Falcone, Jr., posted his fourth win from nine starts this year.Although Mind Your Biscuits returned to his Belmont Park base following the Breeders’ Cup (in which he was subsequently awarded second money due to the medical disqualification of runner-up Masochistic), he returned to Santa Anita to drill a bullet half mile in 47.20 on Dec. 18 and the sharp drill obviously served him well in the Malibu.Although favored on the morning line, he was off as the second choice at 7-2 and paid $9.40, $5.00 and $3.20.Owned by J Stables, Head of Plains Partners, LLC, Summers, Summers, Kisber and Summers, the New York-bred colt by Posse improved his overall mark to 13-4-4-3. With the winner’s share of $180,000, he increased his earnings to $675,366.Ridden by Edgard Zayas, Sharp Azteca showed good speed throughout and was second best on the day, finishing 2 ¼ lengths in front of favored Ten Blessings. Off at 4-1, Sharp Azteca paid $5.00 and $3.40.One of three Bob Baffert-trained runners, Ten Blessings, with Rafael Bejarano up, was mid-pack early and was third turning for home, but never threatened the top two. Off at 8-5, he paid $2.40 to show.Fractions on the race were 22.16, 43.80 and 1:08.10.Monday’s Winter Meet opening day crowd of 46,514 was up from last year’s 44,873. Total pari-mutuel handle of $18,363,495 was up roughly $900,000 over last year’s $17,406,122. CALIFORNIA-BRED BETTYS BAMBINO TAKES GRADE III SAN SIMEON BY 2 ¼ LENGTHS UNDER ROSARIOEarlier in the day, Bettys Bambino overcame a 22 month layoff to register a 2 ¼ length win in the Grade III, $100,000 San Simeon Stakes, which was contested at 6 ½ furlongs down Santa Anita’s hillside turf course. A 6-year-old California-bred gelding by Unusual Heat, he got the distance in 1:11.95. Off at 6-1 in a field of 12 three year olds and up, he paid $15.80, $7.80 and $5.20.Ridden by Joel Rosario, trained by Peter Eurton and owned by Sharon Alesia, Bran Jam Stable and Ciaglia Racing, LLC, Bettys Bambino was bred by Sharon Alesia, Joe Ciaglia and Mellen.Ridden by Norberto Arroyo, Jr., Stormy Liberal finished second at 6-1 and paid $8.20 and $5.40.Favored at 4-1 with Victor Espinoza up, Richard’s Boy paid $3.60 to show.Fractions on the San Simeon were 21.60, 43.36 and 1:05.95.last_img read more

  • Father, son remanded on $2.2M narco-trafficking charge

    first_imgA North Ruimveldt, Georgetown father and his son, who are accused of trafficking more than $2 million worth of cannabis were on Thursday remanded to prison.The duo appeared before Chief Magistrate Ann McLennan at the Georgetown Magistrates’ Courts.Orwin Battlefield, 53, and his 28-year-old son, Quincy Charles, are accused of trafficking four kilograms of cannabis on November 19, 2018 at North Ruimveldt, Georgetown.According to Police Prosecutor Gordon Mansfield, the men’s home was searched by Police and the drugs were discovered hidden in a plastic bucket.The prosecution is contending that at the time of discovery Charles reportedly admitted to ownership of the drug.The men, who were both represented by Attorney-at-Law Mark Waldron, were remanded to prison. The case will continue on December 10, 2018.last_img read more

  • Homecoming Revolution: African New Yorkers want to come home

    first_img30 September 2015Executive recruitment firm Homecoming Revolution’s Speed Meet: New York interactive event was held on the 24th and 25th of September 2015 at the Thomson Reuters building in Times Square, in the heart of New York City. The two day event included an informal dinner on the Thursday evening, followed by a full day of networking one-on-one discussions between Homecoming representatives, businesspeople from Africa and 130 Africans living and working in the USA, interested in exploring career opportunities on the continent.Top companies, including Thomson Reuters, Deloitte, Nigeria’s CSCS and Brand South Africa, as well as incredible keynote speakers, inspired the audience with very real examples of the potential and opportunities back in Africa.Brand South Africa is a partner of the Homecoming Revolution initiative. It is aimed at inspiring South Africans and Africans living and working abroad to consider returning to their home countries to work towards creating positive change for the continent, economically and socially.Significant shift in reasons why Africans in the US are returning to #Africa http://t.co/5m0dJ1Svno #SpeedMeetNYC pic.twitter.com/gKGh9k0Q0e— HomecomingRevolution (@HomecomingRev) Septemb er 29, 2015“It was surprisingly encouraging to see how hungry candidates were to make a name for themselves back on the continent,” said Homecoming Revolution chief executive Angel Jones of the gathering. “No longer is New York seen by Africans as a place to make their mark; instead, the likes of Johannesburg, Nairobi and Lagos are now regarded as the key cities to drive your career.”There had been a substantial shift in people wanting to do transactions and deals that contributed tangibly to their home countries, as opposed to working on deals in first world countries, explained Faye Condy, Homecoming Revolution director.“People are no longer being pulled home just by family and emotional ties. Ambition and drive are key factors that are drawing Africans home,” added Jones.Congrats @HomecomingRev & @angel1jones for a fantastic #Africa #diaspora event in #NYC last week! Proud! #heartafrica pic.twitter.com/smVurjAy8K— Semhar (@Semhar) September 30, 2015Inspirational brand architect @ThebeIkalafeng addressing the audience at #SpeedMeetNYC @brandafrica #heartAfrica pic.twitter.com/lgLjZ1AiMg— HomecomingRevolution (@HomecomingRev) Septemb er 29, 2015With Africa’s economic potential and growing global significance being unlocked, it was the perfect time for Africans with skills and talents to offer the continent to come home, said Sneha Shah, the managing director of Thomson Reuters Africa. “You are meeting people with ideas and solutions in Africa all the time. There’s a sense of purpose and belonging. It’s a fantastic adventure.”Shaori Ajodha, talent acquisition recruitment leader at Deloitte, echoed these sentiments, saying, “there are endless opportunities to make an impact that matters in Africa”.Africans overseas were encouraged to consider the possibilities of returning to Africa by Acha Leke, senior partner at McKinsey & Co Africa. Leke was a keynote speaker at the New York event. “Before we were begging people to come home and make a difference. You are missing out if you aren’t on the continent right now – you have seen all the statistics.“If we don’t change things, who will? My message is simple: come home. You will look back one day and question why you didn’t,” Leke [email protected] inspiring the audience at #SpeedMeetNYC with @AfrikaTikkun‘s work in South Africa #heartAfrica pic.twitter.com/vCUuGylbCY— HomecomingRevolution (@HomecomingRev) Septemb er 29, 2015Africans abroad were truly missing out on an incredibly exciting time on the continent, added Alex Okosi, senior vice-president and managing director of Viacom Africa. “I encourage you to all think about your African journey. You can all take us to the next phase of the African renaissance.”Africa would only thrive if Africans supported and believed in it, stressed Global African branding and reputation architect Thebe Ikalafeng. “When you see challenges in Africa you should take it as an opportunity. Come back to Africa because it has a future.”Amadou Daffe, CEO & Co-Founder of @Coders4africa at #SpeedMeetNYC #heartAfrica pic.twitter.com/7Bo3ulJ5M5— HomecomingRevolution (@HomecomingRev) Septemb er 29, 2015Other speakers included Liz Ngonzi of Afrika Tikkun USA; Mudunwazi Baloyi of Brand South Africa; Feyisayo Oshinkanlu of Young African MBAs; and Amadou Daffe of Coders4Africa. The event was also an opportunity to showcase the Kisua fashion brand. Kisua, based in New York, promotes the continent’s brightest design talent to the rest of the world.Of course #heartAfrica @HomecomingRev @Prosper4Africa #speedmeetNYC pic.twitter.com/j3rxLZAgIR— Ninel (@ninellara) September 25, 2015Attendees spread the good word on social media, with photos and words of support for the work done by Jones and the team at Homecoming Revolution.So gr8 meeting these awesome #Africans @ #speedmeetNYC looking to give back to the continent. @HomecomingRev pic.twitter.com/xi4uU5N0tS— Liz Ngonzi (@LizNgonzi) September 25, 2015Homecoming Revolution will host its next Speed Meet in London at the Park Plaza Victoria Hotel on 4 and 5 March 2016.Source: Homecoming Revolution South Africalast_img read more

  • Choosing a High-Performance Wall Assembly

    first_imgThe foam optionA layer of rigid foam on the outside of the building also reduces thermal bridging. While GBA senior editor Martin Holladay acknowledges that many builders are trying to avoid using foam for environmental reasons, it “aids durability significantly because it helps keep the sheathing and framing warm and dry.”At a recent building science conference, Holladay saw a presentation of preliminary findings from a test building in British Columbia that had been sheathed with OSB. “There were photos showing mold growth on the interior side of OSB sheathing in walls without foam sheathing over the OSB – under some conditions (50% interior relative humidity),” Holladay writes. “The walls with rigid form over the OSB were clean and dry – no signs of mold.”Holladay says builder Mark Gauvin, who presented the slides, argued that “exterior insulation keeps wood warm, keeps wood dry, reduces condensation potential, reduces thermal bridging, reduces energy losses – but most importantly increases durability.”“In a way,” Holladay adds, “there’s nothing really new in these conclusions. But for me, they were a reminder of all the good things that happen when we install exterior rigid foam.” RELATED ARTICLES Rigid Foam InsulationDouble-Stud Walls Is Double Stud-Wall Construction the Path to Efficiency on a Budget?Choosing a Cost-Effective Wall SystemChoosing the Right Wall Assembly (2013)Choosing the Right Wall Assembly (2015)Building an Energy-Efficient Home on a BudgetAll About Larsen TrussesA Superinsulated House in Rural Minnesota A Thick Cocoon of Cellulose Protects This Superinsulated HouseSix Proven Ways to Build Energy-Smart Walls Q&A: Airtight Sheathing & Thermally Isolated Double-Stud Walls? “Any big thoughts on the best approach?” he asks. “My thinking is leaning towards exterior thick foams would do a better job at sealing up the house from both vapor and air vs. the Zip and thicker wall. Since I will be building it (yes, I do have years of construction experience) I am thinking the 2×6 and thicker foam will be faster and easier to detail?”That’s the topic for this week’s Q&A Spotlight. The double-wall optionAll three of Lizer’s proposed walls minimize thermal bridging, but the double 2×4 wall does so without the use of rigid foam insulation. Two conventional 2×4 walls are separated by an insulation-filled gap that dramatically reduces the amount of heat escaping through the framing. Building techniques are familiar and straightforward.“Having built both double walls and exterior foam, I’d say the overall cost savings are with double wall, easily,” writes Dan Kolbert. “The interior walls are easy to build and go up quickly. Exterior foam is slow to install, expensive, and makes all the exterior details much harder and slower.”Doug McEvers is another proponent of this approach. He calls it “the most effective option,” and adds a wall system that includes foam is not only expensive but more difficult when it comes to details such as attaching the siding.To John Brooks, these factors make this type of wall more “buildable.”From a pricing point of view, Lizer’s extensive homework reveals that for walls with high R-values, the system with double 2×4 walls has the edge.“For R-35 and below, I have found that (pure materials cost) 2×6 24-in. o.c. with two layers of foam to be the same as double-stud 10-in. wall, in [dollars],” he writes. “However, the more R desired, then that starts to shift towards the double-stud option. R-40 and up probably cannot be beat, cost wise, for a double stud.”center_img Jesse Lizer’s new house will be in Climate Zone 6, where he can expect 7,400 heating degree days a year. High R-values in the building envelope are a high priority.As Lizer explains in a Q&A post at GreenBuilding Advisor, there are three possible scenarios for constructing outside walls:A double-stud wall, between 10 in. and 12 in. thick, filled with dense-packed cellulose and sheathed with the Zip System OSB.A 2×6 wall framed 24 in. on center with 1/2-in. OSB or plywood sheathing, insulated with wet-blown cellulose and wrapped with two layers of foam on the outside of the wall — 1 in. of XPS and 1 in. of polyisocyanurate.A 2×6 wall with 1 in. of exterior polyiso over 3 in. of EPS, also with 1/2 in. sheathing and wet-blown cellulose.In an unusually detailed post, Lizer lists two other important pieces of information: the cost of each option, and the nominal R-value of each wall system. The double-stud wall ($2.15 per sq. ft. in material costs) has an R-value of 40; the 2×6 wall with a total of 2 in. of foam ($2.05 per sq. ft.) is R-32; and the wall with a total of 4 in. of foam ($2.15 per sq. ft.) is R-41. RELATED MULTIMEDIA Podcast: The Perfect Wall, Roof, and SlabVideo: Superinsulating a Home with Rigid Foam Our expert’s opinionWe asked GBA technical director Peter Yost for his opinion. Here’s his reply:I recently had pretty much this same discussion with a leading local remodeler here in Brattleboro, VT, Steve Mindel of Mindel and Morse Builders. His company has tried many different wall configurations and feels that the double wall is the most affordable and easily constructed high performance wall.“If you install windows and doors on the exterior of double walls, the only details that change are interior jamb extensions,” remarks Steve. “For us, the exterior detailing of high performance walls with exterior rigid insulation really affects labor costs and the ‘fussiness’ of exterior work.Mindel and Morse have struggled with the vapor retarder and its placement with double walls. “We like the idea of using MemBrain for these walls, given its variable vapor permeability.” (When “dry,” MemBrain has a perm rating of about 1, and when “wet,” has a perm rating of about 15). “It’s more about ready availability than cost for us when it comes to Membrain,” adds Steve.“Peter and I have discussed poly-in-the-middle of double walls, Steve says. “But while the approach makes sense to us from a building science perspective, the issue is constructability and sequencing on the job site.”Interestingly, when Steve builds double walls, he has not installed a dedicated interior vapor retarder (1 perm or less), but relied instead on two conditions: reduced vapor permeability of one coat of interior primer and two coats of paint; and installation of a heat-recovery ventilator (HRV).“The paint layers don’t get us down to 1 perm on the interior, but close, and HRV operation during cold winter months keeps the interior relative humidity down in our homes,” states Mindel.Just two closing comments for me:Provide every one of your clients with an electronic thermo/hygrometer so that occupants have feedback on their interior relative humidity during the winter.We need to figure out how to build inexpensive, less resource-intensive non-structural interior walls for our double walls, something along the lines of the SEE stud. Labor and other factorsOne mystery in Lizer’s calculations is labor. Building a double-stud wall incurs higher labor costs, he writes, but at the same time adding double layers of rigid foam insulation, then taping the seams and adding strapping for siding and additional detailing for windows could make labor costs a wash.Double 2×4 walls would, however, eat up more of the interior space of the house, he adds.“The advantage thicker foams have is in your building footprint,” Lizer writes. “If you want your rooms the right size, the foundation needs to grow (add dollars to the double-stud number) while the foam adds to the exterior and can overhang the foundation if need be. Really thick walls also play against you some on taxes. Since they measure the exterior of your shell, you are being taxed for unusable square footage.”If he goes the foam route, he’ll have to add the cost of the strapping plus the long screws that will be used to attach in through the foam. Screws alone could be $400.last_img read more